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About Pune

Location: 18.5236° N, 73.8478° E

Population:6,115,431 ( As per 2011 censes )


The history Punedates back to the 6th century AD. From the copper coins discovered, it Is evident that an agricultural settlement known as Punnakaruled by the Rashtrakutas existed. The Kasbapeth area was established sometime in the 5th century. The city was a part of the Yadava Empire of Deogiri from the 9thto 13th century, followed by the  rule of Nizamshahi sultans, until it was annexed by the Mughal empire in the 17th century. The history of Pune is dominantly painted by the achievements of the great Shivaji Maharaj, along with his “Mavlas” and the Peshwaswho strived hard until their last breath for the establishment of Maratha rule. The Peshwas’ rule declined after the Third Battle of Panipat  (1761) followed by the rule of Yashwantrao Holkar after the Battle of Poona, leading to the Second Anglo-Maratha War of 1803-05. The Third Anglo-Maratha War broke out between the Marathas and the British in 1817. The Peshwas were defeated at the Battle of Khadki and the city came under the administration of the Bombay Presidency. The Pune Municipality was established in 1858. Areas of Pune such Ganj Peth (Mahatma Phule Peth) and Navi Peth date back to the British era.


Pune got its name from the name of the temple ‘Punyeshwar’. The city is home for the National Defense Academy (Khadakwasla) National Chemical Laboratory (Pashan). Pune also serves as the headquarters of the Southern Command of the Indian Army. The city is also considered as an important IT and industrial hub with the automobile giants such as Mercedes Benz, Volkswagen, Mahindra, Tata, DSK Motowheels Pvt Ltd, Force Motors, setting up their plants in the city.


Considered as Maharashtra's cultural capital, the city’s main language is Marathi. Festivals such as Ganesh festival, Krishna Janmashthami ( Dahi Handi ), Divali, Navratri, Gudi Padva, Rang Panchami, Holi, etc are celebrated with great enthusiasm. People from all nearby places, and far as well come to Pune to experience the Ganpati, Navratri and Dahi Handi festivals – celebrated with great fervour. The traditional “Nau-Vaari Saadi”, “Nath”- nose jewel, jhabbakurta, geta, dhotar – sohla are worn during festivities.

Eminent Personalities:

Pune is the home foe various eminent persons such as Pandit Bhimsen Joshi, Dr. Jayant Vishnu Naralikar, Director, IUCAA and eminent scientist, Dr. Dinkar Kelkar, Founder of Raja Kelkar Museum, Dhanraj Pilla, Rahul Bajaj, Shri. JayantraoTilak, the veteran journalist, Shri. Purushottam Lakshman Deshpande, marathi literateur, Cricketer Chandu Borde and various actors from the Marathi and hindi film fraternity.


Located at (1,840 ft) above sea level, beside the Sahyadri mountain range, the city lies at the confluence of the Mula and Mutha rivers. The city experiences hot and dry summers with temperatures between 30°C to 42°C during March to May. Then comes the rainy season from June to September, followed by soaring mercury levels owing to October heat. Winters last from November to February, with the lowest temperature reaching nearly 4°C to 5°C and the average lowest being nearly 16°C. Best time to visit Pune is rainy and winter seasons.

Places To Visit:


Built in 1746 by Bajirao Peshwa-I, the Shaniwar Wada (Fort) was the palace of the Peshwa rulers of the Maratha Empire until 1818. The architecture of the Wada depicts beautiful Moghul design and Maratha craftsmanship.


In 1630 AD, Shahaji Bhonsle the father of Shivaji Maharaj built the Lal Mahal for his wife Jijabai and son Shivaji Raje Bhonsle. Shivaji Raje stayed here for several years until he captured his first fort. Shivaji Maharaj’s marriage with his first wife, Maharani Saibai took place in Lal Mahal. The original Lal Mahal fell into ruins and the current Lal Mahal is a reconstruction of the original and located in the center of the Pune city.


Previously known as  Kondhana fort, Sinhgad fort has been the site of many important battles, most notably the battle of Sinhagad in 1670. Adventure sports such as trekking and rock climbing are major attractions of the fort. The fort attracts numerous tourists all-round the year, mainly in the monsoons and winter, and is especially famous for the “Kanda bhaji” and “Jhunkabhakar” served steaming hot at the top.

Khadakwasla Dam:

The Khadakwasla dam, on the way to Sinhgad fort is the main source of water for Pune city.It is a tourist attraction and people visit the place mostly on weekends and during the monsoons. The food numerous food stalls by the dam offer various Puneridelicasies such as the famous vada – paav, kandabhaji, paav missal, etc. The twin dams of Panshet and Varasgaon also lie nearby.

Raja Dinkar Kelkar Museum:

The Raja Dinkar Kelkar Museum, dedicated to the memory of Raja Dinkar Kelkar, the only son of Dr Dinkar G. Kelkar. The museum boasts of a collection of more than 15,000 objects dating back to the 14th century. The museum, however displays only close to 2500 objects from the total collection.

Aga Khan Palace:

The Aga Khan Palace was built by Sultan Mohammad Shah Aga Khan III in Pune in 1892. It is one of the most beautiful example of the beautiful Indian architecture styles and boasts of a lavish garden around it. This palace was the prison for Mahatama Gandhi, his wife Kasturba and  secretary Mahadev Bhai Desai from 9th August 1942 to 6th May 1944.  Kasturba Devi and Mahadev Bhai Desai passed away during their captivity at the Palace.

Empress/ Bund Garden:

Bund Garden, popular for its well-designed jogging track, and plantation, was  constructed by Jamshedji Jeejebhoy.Itis situated on the right bank of Mula-Mutha River. Named after a mini dam (bund) built across the Mula-Mutha River, every year the garden welcomes migratory birds during winter. In this garden, many other attractions like magic shows, boating  and horse riding are also made available.


Built in the 13th century, the Bhuleshwar temple dates back to the era of Pandavas. The temple is home to five Shiva Lingams in its sanctum. In the temple are also housed idols of Goddess Lakshmi, Lord Vishnu and Lord Mahadev. Originally known as 'Mangalgadh', it is said that Devi Parvati danced for Lord Shiva and from here they went to Kailash and got married. The temple is situated before Yawat and can be reached by Pune-Solapur Highway.


This Ashram of Rajneesh Chandra Mohan Jain is spread over a beautiful 32 acre  campus, in the famous  Koregaon Park area of Pune. The ashram is meant for Meditation and Yoga practices. Regular training programs on spiritual upliftment and meditation are conducted.

Katraj Snake Park / Rajeev Gandhi  Zoological Park :

The Rajeev Gandhi  Zoological Park, managed by the Pune Municipal Corporation is spread over 165 acres of land and has a snake park,  an animal orphanage, a zoo and the 42-acre Katraj Lake. The Katraj Snake Park is home to over 160 species of snakes.

Mulshi Lake and Dam:

The beautiful Mushli Lake has been formed  in the catchments area of Mulshi Dam. The lake is famous tourist attraction for bird-watching and watersports.

Apart from the above mentioned places, there are several other places worth visiting in and around Pune. Parvati Hill, Saras Baug, Vishram Baug Wada, Karla Caves, Pashan Lake, Khandala, Pu La Despande Udyaan, ISKON Temple, Manas Lake Resort, Shinde Chhatri, Lovavala, Mahabaleshwar, Panchgani, Tikona fort, Chatushrungi Temple, Mahatma PhuleVastu Sangrahalaya, Tirupati Temple – Replica of the Thirupati Temple in Tirumala, Tikona fort, Prati Shirdi Temple are some of the places to choose from.


Known as the “Oxford of the East”, the University of Pune, established on 10th February, 1948 offers courses in various fields, both undergraduate, graduate and post graduate such as engineering, pharmacy, commerce, pure sciences, history, geography, mathematics, law, management, etc. Following are some of the famous colleges in Pune –

Fergusson College, College of Engineering Pune, Dr. D Y Patil University colleges, Symbiosis International University, Marathwada Mitramadla College of Commerce (MMCC), Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Progressive Education Society's Modern College of Engineering, Vishvakarma Institute of Technology ( VIT ), Institute of Armament Technology, Brihan Maharashtra College of Commerce, Bharati Vidyapeeth University, ILS Law College, Modern College, All India Shree Shivaji Memorial Society’s College of Engineering(AISSMS College of Engineering), Hotel Management, Institute of Information Technology ( IOIT ), Abasaheb Garware College, Spicer College, Sinhgad Institutes, Abhinav Kala Mahavidyalaya, Spicer Memorial College, Abhinav Educational Foundation Trust, Cummins Girl’s Engineering College, MIT Colleges, Nowrosjee Wadia College, Film and Television Institute of India  (FTII), Indira College Of Commerce and Science, Tathwade, Pune, Kirloskar Institute of Advanced Management Studies, Indira College Of Pharmacy, Indira College Of Engineering and Management, Indira Institute of Management (MBA), etc.


Specialties from Pune include various dishes such as the famous Puneri Wada – Paav, Missal – Paav, Chaat, Puranpoli, Kulfi, Mastani at famous Ganu Shinde, Kasturi Mastani House, Pohe, Bhakri-Pithla, Chinese food at Chowpatty’s such as Deccan Chowpatty. The city has lots to offer in terms of road – side food, and otherwise. The city boasts of a number of top end hotels as well such as Le Meredian, Sun – n – Sand, Vivanta by Taj, Blue Diamond – Taj, Royal Orchid, Sayaji, Vits, Mainland China, Marriot, Grand Hyatt, The Westin, etc.


Considered as one of the most prominent cities for IT and manufacturing industry, the city of Pune hasthe seventh largest metropolitan economy. The IT base is Hinjewadi, while the MIDC area boasts of all giant manufacturing and assembly plants. Apart from this, the city income also largely depends on the numerous educational institutions and colleges flooded by non Puneites every year for admission. The infrastructure industry is also considered as one of the growing sectors, with people investing in property inspite of the sky rocketing prices.

How to get there :

By Air:

The city has an international airport at Lohegaon, which operates domestic flights to all major Indian cities as well as international flights. The airport shares its runways with the neighboring Air Force base at Lohegaon.

By Rail:

Pune has two major railway junctions – Pune Railway station and Shivaji Nagar Railway Station, which connect Pune to different parts of the state as well as country.

By Road:

Pune is well-connected to different parts of the country by NH 4, NH 9, NH 50 and state highways. The Mumbai-Pune Expressway was India's first six-lane high-speed expressway.

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